Helping Baby Rabbits

SAMSUNG CSCOn June 11, 2014, I heard my mother yell for me to come down to the garage. Lying in the driveway was a small hairless creature. As I approached, I recognized the disproportionately large ears on the pitiful animal. Its eyes were closed and it blindly rolled on the pavement. Just feet away were two others lying belly up in the dirt. That same day, a dead bush had been removed from the mulch near our house. Whoever had taken it out must have either not noticed the baby rabbits or had not cared to do anything about them. I instantly recognized a shallow pit in the mulch that must have been the rabbit nest. I dug the small indentation out with my hands, and carefully removed the baby rabbit from the extremely hot pavement. Setting the three newborns into their new nest, I covered the outside with rocks and branches from a nearby evergreen tree. Now, all I could do was wait.

The next morning, I woke up uncharacteristically early to go see what became of the rabbits. Preparing to see an empty nest, or worse, I walked down to the front door. Feeling uneasy and a little sick, I opened the door and looked at the nest. Inside of the nest, three writhing bodies twitched and convulsed. This process repeated for five days. Each day, the rabbits had a denser coat and even looked bigger. I also checked to see if they were malnourished by looking at their stomachs. It was obvious that the mother had been visiting in the night.

On the sixth day, the rabbit’s ears stood erect, and their eyes were wide open. All seemed well until the next day. On coming home from the grocery store, we saw several people weed whacking near our house. The nest was SAMSUNG CSCcompletely filled in, and the rabbits were gone. Even though I looked everywhere, I couldn’t find any trace of them. Then, under a tree, I saw that one of the babies had died. This rabbit may have been killed by the weed whacker, or been killed when it ran from the machine. Soon after however, one of the rabbits was spotted in our driveway. This one had found a new nest in different bushes. The last rabbit was missing until the next day when we saw it rejoin its sibling in the new nest in the bushes.

Now, the rabbits roam free in our lawn. In such a short time, the rabbits have gone from defenseless babies to swift alert rabbits.


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Air Battle Over Tunisia: A Short Story

A loud rumble breaks the early morning silence of a small North African village. As the seemingly endless thunder rolls on, nearly forty specks appear in the distance. As the listless natives slowly appear on the streets, Allied soldiers run through narrow alleyways. For nearly a week, reports of a group of German transport planes had been intercepted by Allied spies. Now these planes had crossed the Mediterranean and were near the Tunisian border. What the Germans do not know was that crossing the neutral village means flying over a covert Allied airfield. As the unknowing Germans fly over the desert, Allied spotters watch intently from a distance. Jumping into the cockpits of their new Curtiss P-40 Tomahawks, the pilots await orders to intercept the aerial convoy. One pilot in particular, Eddie Johnson, is especially nervous…

caldw4 “I don’t think I can do it, I just can’t go!” cried Eddie Johnson from the cockpit of his shiny new plane. “I can’t miss out on this mission, that would be traitorous” replied his conscience, arguing stubbornly. Just an hour before, Eddie had woken up from a nightmare where he saw his plane, The Pride of Pawling, smoldering in the hot sand, riddled with bullet holes. After this horrific vision Eddie’s courage was wavering.

Nervously shaking in his cramped cockpit, Eddie felt claustrophobic for the first time in his life. Time moved slowly like a glacier, but Eddie felt he lacked the strength to claw his way to safety. Suddenly, with a loud crash, Eddie’s canopy was slammed shut as he started his engine in unison with the rest of his squadron. Before he knew it, Eddie was already taking off, his hands and feet operating the controls like a machine. Soon The Pride of Pawling was streaking toward the enemy, falling behind the squadron leader. Climbing into the safety of the clouds, Eddie knew that they were about to make a surprise dive onto the unsuspecting enemy. For what seemed like eternity, the squadron flew toward their target, watching intently for any sign of the aerial supply line beneath them. Then, all of the pilots saw the enemy planes at once. Sixteen Messerschmitt BF-109 fighters guarded twenty-four vulnerable Junkers Ju-52 transport planes on their way to southern Tunisia.

Each Tomahawk suddenly dived like a falcon onto the enemy. Burning tracer ammunition suddenly rained down on the BF-109 fighters. Inside Eddie’s cockpit, time flew by like a bullet. He quickly found himself tailing an enemy fighter and fired his guns without thinking. After expending a third of his rounds, Eddie remembered to aim. Pointing his plane just above the right wing of his quarry, Eddie launched a storm of bullets from his guns. Almost instantly, the wing flew off, nearly destroying Eddie’s plane as it flew back. Tumbling through the air uncontrollably, the crippled fighter burst into flames as a stray tracer struck its fuel tank.

Seeing that most of the German fighters had been shot down or were in complete disarray, Eddie decided to take aim at one of the transport planes. Easing his aircraft behind the nearly defenseless enemy, Eddie took careful aim. Easing his finger down on the trigger, Eddie was almost startled when the guns erupted with flame. After seeing direct hits in the fuselage of the enemy aircraft, Eddie guessed that he had hit the waist gunner. In just ten more seconds, Eddie’s target has hurdling toward the ground. Before he could even comprehend what had happened, Eddie saw a German fighter flying directly at him. As he banked left to avoid colliding with the seemingly insane German pilot, Eddie heard a sound like ball bearings hitting a tin roof. As he looked down, the entire instrument panel vanished into a whirlwind of metal and broken glass. Suddenly, a twenty millimeter round whizzed through his left knee, nearly severing his leg. Trying desperately to escape the coffin like cockpit, Eddie pushed as hard as he could against the canopy. Unable to open it, he resigned himself to his fate, trying to keep his plane level. Miraculously, another burst of gunfire smashed a sizeable hole in the canopy of the doomed aircraft. Grabbing ahold of the broken glass, Eddie tried in vain to escape. Seeing the blood running from his hand as he gripped the razor sharp glass, Eddie nearly screamed with horror. Using the last of his strength, Eddie managed to free his head, arms, and upper torso from the cockpit. Just when Eddie thought his situation could not worsen, fifty caliber bullets severed the entire tail of The Pride of Pawling. As the plane rolled into a death spiral, its pilot was suddenly thrown from the wreckage. Just fifty feet from the plane, Eddie could see it explode into brilliant orange flames. His last memory was pulling the ripcord on his parachute and passing out.

The next day, Eddie woke up in an Allied hospital. Looking up, he was shocked to be face to face with his squadron leader. After hearing of the success of the mission he had taken part in, Eddie surrendered into a deep sleep.

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The Character of Riabovich

Riabovich is the main character in Anton Chekhov’s short story The Kiss. Although an interesting character, Riabovich is nonetheless a pathetic person with virtually no social graces. Chekhov’s description of Riabovich is ingenious, as it reinforces the idea of the scrawny, spectacled, and boring person that the reader imagines. Ingenious descriptions of Riabovich’s physical traits, as well as the author’s integration of Riabovich’s thoughts with what is occurring in reality create a vivid picture of Riabovich’s life, as well as a good story.

From the very beginning of the short story, the reader is presented with different stereotypes in the form of the officers invited to General von Rabbeck’s house for tea. Riabovich is described as a thin and cautious man, while his friend Lobytko is an obvious foil to Riabovich’s character. Lobytko contrasts Riabovich in every way possible, both in physical characteristics and personality. While Lobytko is confident, Riabovich is shy and secluded. Lobytko serves as a foil to Riabovich’s character, making Riabovich even more pathetic. One interesting decision made by Chekhov is to introduce Lobytko’s character first and describe Riabovich later in the story. Because Riabovich is introduced later than Lobytko, it almost gives the impression that Riabovich is hiding away in his own story, not wanting the readers to hear about him. When Chekhov does unveil the protagonist, he does not describe a hero. Instead he describes “a little officer in spectacles, with sloping shoulders, and whiskers like a lynx’s.”  While some of his comrades assumed a serious expression, while others wore forced smiles, his face, his lynx-like whiskers, and spectacles seemed to say: “I am the shyest, most modest, and most undistinguished officer in the whole brigade!” This description reinforces the image that the reader may imagine when they hear about Riabovich’s character, and strengthens the idea that Riabovich is a sad, anxious, and almost depressing character. Overall, Chekhov uses foils and descriptions very well to create a portrait of Riabovich.

In addition to physical descriptions, the reader is also provided with information about Riabovich’s thoughts. Because Riabovich has a life full of boredom, the reader can easily see how a random event can change his everyday life and personality. What would normally be a routine march soon becomes an exciting experience, as Riabovich now has something to think about. Allowing the reader to experience Riabovich’s thoughts is an ingenious decision made by the author. This allows the reader to experience Riabovich’s actions in a more personal way, as the reader knows why Riabovich is acting the way he does.

Overall, The Kiss is a clever story with an interesting protagonist. The story benefits from excellent writing, as well as great character development thanks to descriptions given of Riabovich’s character.

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Society as it Appears in A Doll House

A main theme of Henrik Ibsen’s A Doll House is the social standings of the many characters in the play. All of the characters have different views on the society that they are part of, and this causes conflict between the many different personalities that appear in the play. The many aspects of 19th century life depicted in A Doll House include: the role of money in society, social taboos, and the role of women in society.

A driving force of the characters in the play is money. Both Nora and Torvald have an affinity for money and pride themselves in their money management skills. Numerous lines of dialogue describe Torvald’s new promotion that will make the family financially stable. At the very beginning of the play, Torvald exclaims “That is like a woman! But seriously, Nora, you know what I think about that. No debt, no borrowing. There can be no freedom or beauty about a home life that depends on borrowing and debt. We two have kept bravely on the straight road so far, and we will go on the same way for the short time longer that there need be any struggle.” Here, Torvald clearly displays his hatred of borrowing and debt, unknowingly criticizing Nora’s secret financial deals. In all, the Helmer’s regard money very highly, and are very careful with the precious resource.

Several social taboos are also mentioned in the text. The most prominent appears just before Nora leaves her husband forever. During their final argument Torvald exclaims “To desert your home, your husband and your children! And you don’t consider what people will say!” Here the reader should observe that Torvald does not particularly care about his wife’s desertion, he primarily cares about society’s view of their broken relationship. Desperate to save his public appearance, Torvald also proposes “But can’t we live here like brother and sister–?” Nora immediately sees Torvald’s greed, and promptly leaves the house for good.

The most significant social criticism that Ibsen addresses is the role of women in the society that he lived in. The entire story revolves around Nora’s dissatisfaction with her life, as well as the treatment of Nora by her husband. Mrs. Linde also describes her husband who had recently died. Nora feels very conflicted about whether her duty is too her husband and children or to herself. In the end, Nora makes the life changing decision to leave her family to benefit herself, a revolutionary idea at the time.

Overall, A Doll House contains content unheard of at the time of its publication, and critiques many aspects of the society that were commonplace at the time.

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Summary of A Doll House

A Doll House is a play first performed in 1879, and written by Henrik Ibsen. Upon its publication, the play was praised for lifelike dialogue, realistic characters, and a compelling plot. The protagonist of the play is Nora Helmer, wife of Torvald Helmer, a middle class banker due for a promotion. As the story progresses, Nora’s self-esteem progressively worsens, and her mind fills with doubt about what she was once proud of. Nora does what she thinks is best for her family; however, her decisions are also rash and self-centered, and she frequently disobeys her husband.

       A Doll House is renowned for the meaningfulness of every scene, and this is certainly true of the reader’s introduction to Nora Helmer. One of the first scenes of the play involves Nora secretly eating macaroons that are directly forbidden by her husband. This sequence of events parallels the Biblical forbidden fruit, thus foreshadowing the disastrous events that will later occur. While Nora tries to avoid trouble, she is easily tempted, and is very vain as well. Later in the story she discloses that she saved the life of her husband by borrowing money to take a trip to Italy. In this scene, Nora appears to brag about her life saving bargain, and is very proud of her skills in attaining the money. While she thinks that she single-handedly saved her husband’s life, she actually borrowed the money illegally, causing a legal dispute between her and the man who she borrowed from. While she thinks that what she did was right, she soon finds out that she may have done more harm than good. In this way, Nora tries to be selfless, but her attempts usually end in failure.

While Nora may try to help her family, she also does many things simply for her own selfish ends. One example of Nora’s shortcomings is the frequent disobedience of her husband. Even in the short amount of the time that the story takes place in, Nora lies to her husband countless times. Almost the entire story revolves around Nora’s bad qualities, such as deceit, vanity, and greed. Nora may try to help her family sometimes, but the negatives always outweigh the positive effects of her help.

Overall, Nora is an interesting character who tries to do the right thing; however, she always ends up in more trouble than intended.

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Stereotype in The False Gems

The False Gems is a short story written by Guy de Maupassant. It is slightly satirical, and critiques the French society of the author’s time. There are several uses of different stereotypes in the story, as well as the use of stereotypical characters as foils for others. The author uses various stereotypes to supplement his satire; however, he also uses stereotypes as a foil to the characters.

The most obvious stereotype in the story is the unnamed wife of Monsieur Lantin. She is obsessed with her supposedly faux jewels, as well as a fascination with the theatre. She also appears to have no hobbies, and seems to wait all day until her husband comes home. This description of the wife is customary of the time of the story’s writing, and the author cleverly uses it to critique the society that he was a part. Another stereotype involving the wife is the apparent “love at first sight” at the start of the story. The very first sentence of the story is stereotypical in a way, describing Monsieur Lantin’s immediate affection for his future wife.  “Monsieur Lantin had met the young girl at a reception at the house of the second head of his department, and had fallen head over heels in love with her.” While she appears to be perfect in every way, it is later revealed that she has had some undercover dealings unknown to her husband. In this way she breaks away from her stereotype, and almost becomes the opposite of what she appears to be at the start of the story.

Similar to his wife, Monsieur Lantin also has a different side to his character, which is revealed at the same time as his wife’s. He goes from a semi-poor middle class citizen, to a wealth obsessed lunatic. The reason for both of the character’s opposite personalities is the gems. In this way, the gems are a foil to both characters, contrasting their normal behavior and exposing their greed and hunger for power. As the precious stones are a symbol for wealth, they are the perfect foil to expose these hidden traits, and the usage of the foil is expertly done.

Overall, the story uses stereotypes for satirical purposes, but the use of the gems as a foil to the characters is what makes this story very interesting and creates an appeal to all readers.


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A Modest Proposal

economic-historyA Modest Proposal is a satirical essay written is 1729. It is a fascinating example of irony, as well as harsh satire, which has made the phrase “A Modest Proposal” synonymous with sarcasm. The essay was written in response to widespread famine and poverty in Swift’s homeland of Ireland, and shows the desperate measures that some would go through to survive. Swift’s essay contains some of the best examples of irony ever recorded; however, his outstanding satire is what makes this piece of literature truly shine.

The irony is immediately established before the essay truly begins. The title, A Modest Proposal, is in itself an ironic statement. Swift’s proposal is not only grossly immoral, it isn’t modest either. The first sentence of the essay is also an ironic statement. In his opening sentence, Swift states that “It is a melancholy object to those who walk through this great town or travel in the country, when they see the streets, the roads, and cabin doors, crowded with beggars of the female sex, followed by three, four, or six children, all in rags and importuning every passenger for an alms”. While Swift calls the sight melancholic, he describes it as at least saddening, if not horrific. This tone continues throughout the essay, as if Swift finds the famine only mildly irritating, and proposes the easiest solution to the problem. After a brief introduction describing Ireland’s troubles, Swift unveils his amazing new idea. From this point on, every sentence contains irony in some form or another. The irony contained in this essay is truly amazing and unique, and helps cement this essay as one of the greatest examples of irony ever created.

Throughout his essay, Swift utilizes satire as an effective way to communicate his point. His use of irony could be considered satire, but he primarily uses a dark humor to satirize the subject material. His matter-of-fact tone mocks the onlookers of the impoverished conditions that do nothing to help. This tone is almost comical at times, as Swift describes the consumption of children in great detail. Overall, the entire essay is satirical, and practically defined the art of satirizing a situation.

       A Modest Proposal is an amazing piece of literature that succeeds by its expert use of literary devices such as satire and irony.


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